The chemistry and biological activities of Citrus clementina Hort. Ex Tanaka (Rutaceae), a vegetatively propagated species - Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew research repository
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Journal article

The chemistry and biological activities of Citrus clementina Hort. Ex Tanaka (Rutaceae), a vegetatively propagated species

24 February 2020

Abstract

We report the chemistry and biological activities of a Cameroonian Citrus clementina Hort. Ex Tanaka, a vegetatively propagated species. The compounds isolated from this plant were determined to be the known 5-hydroxy-6,7,8,3’,4’-pentamethoxyflavone (1), tangerine (3), nobilletin (4), 5,7,8,4’-tetramethoxyflavone (5), citracridone I (6), 5-hydroxynoracronycine (7), citracridone III (8), xanthyletin (10), suberosin (9), E-suberenol (11), E-methoxysuberenol (13), 6-formylumbelliferone (12), aurantiamide acetate (2), limonin (14), stigmasterol, β-sitosterol and β-sitosterol-3-O-β-D-glucoside. The structures of the compounds were established on the basis of their NMR spectroscopic data and comparison with published data. Methanol leaf extract and compounds 1, 2, 4, 6, 7 and 10 were evaluated for their anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, urease and anti-diabetic effects. Compound 10 showed antioxidant activity, anti-inflammatory effect, urease activity and anti-diabetic activity with IC50 values of 47.3 µM, 33.5 µM, 25.2 µM and 33.9 µM respectively, values that were comparable to the respective positive standards.

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